In the face of environmental challenges, expectant mothers and their infants are at increased risk of adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes due to climate hazards such as extreme heat. These complications can include gestational diabetes, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, preterm birth, low birth weight, and stillbirth.
In addition to physical health risks associated with poor nutrition, water, hygiene, and sanitation, exposure to climate hazards during pregnancy can also have a significant impact on mental health. The aftermath of these hazards can contribute to intergenerational trauma and increase stress, anxiety, and depression – all of which are known risk factors for adverse perinatal outcomes.
It is essential that we recognize and address the potential impact of climate hazards on maternal and perinatal health in order to mitigate these risks and improve outcomes for both mothers and their babies. To do this, we must understand the various ways in which climate hazards can affect pregnancy and maternal health. By developing effective interventions and support systems based on this knowledge, we can work towards ensuring the well-being of expectant mothers and their infants even in challenging environmental conditions.