May 21, 2024 2:36 pm
Understanding Epilepsy following Omer Detz’s passing | Dr. Itai Gal

Epilepsy is a common medical condition that affects approximately one percent of the world’s population. While most cases are genetic in nature, there are instances where head injuries, brain tumors, or drug and alcohol use can trigger seizures. However, the root cause of many epileptic seizures remains unclear, requiring treatments to focus on preventing electrical disturbances and minimizing the risk of recurrence.

Half of epilepsy patients respond well to medication and experience a full quality of life with minimal seizures. For those with more severe cases, complex drug regimens may be necessary. Unfortunately, some individuals are resistant to medication and may require surgery to remove the source of their epileptic activity in the brain.

While convulsions can be caused by temporary conditions like exposure to drugs or poisons or abnormal blood levels of sodium or glucose, these usually do not recur once the underlying issue is resolved. However, conditions like head injuries, strokes, tumors, birth defects, and metabolic diseases can lead to recurring convulsions that may require long-term treatment with medication. Despite this, modern drug treatments allow most epilepsy patients to lead normal lives with some eventually needing less medication or even stopping treatment altogether. In order to diagnose epilepsy accurately, EEG tests are typically used to record brain waves over time and detect any changes that indicate abnormal activity requiring treatment.

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