Phobias, also known as specific fears, are psychological disorders characterized by an excessive and unrealistic fear of a particular object, person, animal, activity, or situation. Unlike general anxiety disorders, phobias are usually related to something specific. Exposure therapy is the most common treatment for phobias. This involves gradually exposing the person to the feared object or situation in order to instill a feeling of security.
One example of a phobia is acrophobia, fear of heights. Another example is nephophobia, fear of clouds. Fear of wind (anctrophobia) is also common among children due to their fear of loud noises.
Fears related to the weather are often developed due to past negative experiences with it. For example, Catherine Clements in “The Woman Next Door to the Girl in the Window” was unable to leave her house during snowfall for eight years because she had experienced an icy car accident on a main road. Her condition made her afraid to drive in winter on cold days and caused her embarrassment about seeking medical help for her condition.