New research reveals that almost half of the world’s migratory species are at risk of extinction. Birds, sea turtles, whales, sharks, and other migratory animals are endangered due to habitat loss, illegal hunting and fishing, pollution, and climate change.
According to Kelly Malsch, lead author of the new United Nations report, stopover sites are crucial for the survival of migratory species. Migration is a vital aspect of the existence of some species, and any threat to this process could result in their extinction. The report utilized data from the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red List.
During an upcoming U.N. meeting in Samarkand, Uzbekistan, participants will review proposals for conservation measures and consider adding new species to the lists of concern. These decisions are critical as no single country can save any of these species alone.
At the meeting, eight South American governments plan to propose adding two declining Amazon catfish species to the list of migratory species of concern. Protecting the Amazon River basin is essential for these catfish’s survival since it is the largest freshwater system in the world. In 2022, governments pledged to protect 30% of the planet’s land and water resources for conservation at the U.N. Biodiversity Conference in Montreal, Canada.